Global warming and depleting fossil fuels

What are fossil fuels?

Fossil fuels are the naturally occurring elements present in the earth, which can be consumed in order to provide us with power. The three most commonly used and widely available types of these fuels that are being rapidly consumed today are coal, oil, and natural gas. Their formation requires million of years and involves the an-aerobic decomposition and break down of organic substances below the earth’s surface. Ever since the industrial revolution, these fossil fuels have been rapidly consumed for power generation. Because they are readily present under the surface of the earth, coal, oil, and natural gas are also the most in-expensive energy sources which can be utilized for both commercial and personal consumer purposes as well. Oil refined in the form of petroleum is utilized for automobiles all over the world, whereas natural gas and coal are used for power and electricity generation purposes commercially as well as in homes. According to research and stats, it has been concluded that fossil fuels constitute up to three fourths of the total energy requirements of the earth. Following is a comprehensive insight on how fossil fuels contribute to global warming.

Role of carbon dioxide:

It is a fact that carbon dioxide (CO2) which is present in the earth’s atmosphere, traps the heat from the radiations of the sun, and does not allow it to escape back through the atmosphere. The only reason why the earth is warmer than numerous other planets in the solar system is because of the amount of CO2 present in the earth’s atmosphere. This means that there is a direct relationship between the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere and the global warming that this planet suffers from, more simply, the greater the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, the greater is going to be the extent of global warming. Global warming is the rise in the overall temperature of the earth.

Carbon dioxide has been steadily rising in the atmosphere:

When fossil fuels are burned, many different gases are released into the atmosphere and these include carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, methane, and many more. A great percentage of the CO2 present in the earth’s atmosphere is due to the combustion and burning of fossil fuels, which directly contributes to a rise in the atmospheric CO2. Studies and statistics show that there has been nearly 25 percent rise in the atmospheric CO2 since the nineteenth century as a result of rapid industrialization and combustion of fossil fuels in nearly every part of the world. It was discussed previously that there is a direct relationship between the CO2 content in the atmosphere and the overall temperature of the earth; this means that over the last one hundred and fifty years there has been an increase of over one degree Fahrenheit in the temperature of the earth. It is easy to conclude that this may occur again within the next century as well because of the rapid and excessive usage of fossil fuel across the globe today.

Effects of the rise in temperature of the earth:

A rise in the overall temperature has dramatic effects on the climate of our planet, and will consequently have an adverse effect on the weather conditions and weather induced calamities across different regions of the world. One of the most dangerous effects of change in the overall weather is a rise in the incidence and chances of droughts and floods. These natural calamities badly affect and destroy agricultural land. This makes it clear to perceive that the combustion of fossil fuels, the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and the climatic changes caused by it are all interlinked. If a rise in the natural balance of atmospheric gases rises, it is bound to affect the earth and its inhabitants adversely.

Effects of climatic changes:

Climatic change has become a real problem today. Many areas of the earth which were once fertile are undergoing a desertification process. This is not only because of the increase in the carbon dioxide percentage in the atmosphere, but it is also because of man’s interference with natural river pathways, deforestation and excessive agriculture and cultivation of the land. Cyclones and hurricanes have increased in frequency and earth quakes are also affecting many parts of the planet unexpectedly. All these natural calamities have steadily been on the rise due to the drastic change in the climate the earth is going through overall.

How can alternative energy sources of energy generation help:

By using alternative sources of energy generation, like solar energy to generate electricity on a huge scale, the load on the fossil fuels of the earth will decrease. This will in turn decrease the amount of CO2 being released in the atmosphere and slow down the global warming process. Alternate sources of energy generation are renewable, and don’t deplete the earth of its precious resources. Solar energy can be utilized with the help of Photo Voltaic panels to power anything from small appliances, to large industries as well.